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Toxic and Essential Elements Lab Tests

Elements are the basic building blocks of all chemical compounds, and human exposure to them occurs both from natural and anthropogenic sources. Many elements are considered nutrients and are essential for the proper functioning of the body. These are generally divided between macrominerals such as calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium and zinc, and trace minerals including selenium, iodine, boron and molybdenum.


Conversely, there are a number of elements that are toxic to the human body, interfere with its functioning and undermine health—such as mercury, lead, cadmium, aluminum, and arsenic. These toxic metals have no known physiological functions. They can be toxic to organ systems and may disrupt the balance of essential nutrients. Toxic metals and essential element status can be assessed in urine, blood, feces and hair.

Several of our lab partners test for Toxic and Essential Elements. Please refer to the About the Labs We Utilize section of the website for links to all of our lab partners and a full list of tests performed by each lab.

For sample reports of some of the lab tests we order please see the links below.

Toxic and Essential Elements

Comprehensive Blood Elements - Serum and Whole Blood - Doctors Data

Whole blood metals are the standard for diagnosis of lead, mercury or other metal toxicity or poisoning, and are also used to assess recent or ongoing exposure to potentially toxic elements. Serum elements are used to assess the status of key elements and electrolytes that have important functions in the extracellular fluid compartment of blood. Whole Blood and Serum Elements tests are available separately or as part of the Comprehensive Blood Elements profile.

 

Download a sample report here.

Toxic and Essential Elements

Creatinine Clearance - Serum and Urine - Doctors Data

The Creatinine Clearance test is the most widely used test for estimating glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and renal function. It is an essential test if you are planning to do a detoxification program since toxic metals can adversely affect the rate at which the kidneys can filter heavy metals. The test is also highly recommended for weighing the advisability of prescribing a variety of drugs, including chelating agents. The test requires a timed urine collection and a single serum specimen collected during the same time period.

Download a sample report here.

Toxic and Essential Elements

The Hair Tissue Mineral Analysis - Trace Elements, Inc.

Heavy metals can directly influence behavior by impairing mental and neurological function, influencing neurotransmitter production and utilization, and altering numerous metabolic body processes.

 

Systems in which toxic metal elements can induce impairment and dysfunction include the blood and cardiovascular, detoxification pathways (colon, liver, kidneys, skin), endocrine (hormonal), energy production pathways, enzymatic, gastrointestinal, immune, nervous (central and peripheral), reproductive, and urinary systems.

Download a sample report here.

Toxic and Essential Elements

Stool Toxic Metals - Doctor's Data

If you're concerned about the possibility of toxic heavy metal accumulation, the Fecal Metals test is an excellent test for you to have. This test includes an analysis of heavy metals in the feces and provides you and your practitioner information about the potential for toxic metal burden. For many toxic metals,  fecal excretion is the primary natural route of elimination from the body. Specimen collection is simple and requires a single step.

Download a sample report here.

Toxic and Essential Elements

Hair Elements * - Doctors Data

The Hair Elements analysis provides information regarding recent and ongoing exposure to potentially toxic metals, especially methylmercury and arsenic, and time-averaged status of specific nutrient elements.

This noninvasive screening test requires only .25 grams of hair. Doctor's Data offers a Hair Elements profile containing essential and toxic elements and a Hair Toxic Element Exposure profile containing an expanded lineup of toxic metals.

 

* Not currently available in Florida or Connecticut

Download a sample report here.

Toxic and Essential Elements

Hepatic (Liver) Detox Profile - Urine - Doctors Data

Why are toxins serious? It is estimated that 60 to 80 percent of all cancers are a direct result of chemicals in our air, water and food. Further, neuroscientists are now studying the role of environmental toxins in the development of neurological disorders such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, and in mental/behavioral disorders such as depression, anxiety, schizophrenia and attention deficit disorder.


The body continually attempts to eliminate chemical toxins through enzymatic processes in the liver. Urinary D-glucaric acid, a byproduct of Phase I detoxification, is an indicator of chemical exposure to over 200 chemicals. Urinary mercapturic acids are excreted end products of Phase II detoxification. Together, assessment of these two analytes provides valuable information about exposure to xenobiotics, liver disease and the ability of the liver to eliminate toxins. This non-invasive test requires a single, first morning void (FMV) urine collection.

Download a sample report here.

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